TOLEDO, THE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING CENTRE OF SWORDS

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Old factory Marto-Toledo, located in the historic center of Toledo “La Granja” (1961).

Toledo’s name has almost always been associated with the manufacture of swords. It was the roman Gracio Faliso who praises Toledo knives that hunters wore on their belt. Even Shakespeare, who wanted that Othello’s gun would have been from Toledo: “Toledo’s trusty of which a soldier dream”. Cervantes praised the puppy swords that were forged in Toledo by Julian the Moro. Toledo sword industry was born with Pinedo inhabitants, who carved the flint to be used by left and right handed men.

Other circumstances, helped to make possible the flourishing of a sword industry in Toledo, which became and remains today the most prestigious in the world.

Great importance had the aforementioned swordsmith Julian,”the Moor” , who worked in Toledo from the last third of the fifteenth century, serving the Catholic Kings. Apparently his workshop was in the Arms street, like all swordsmen, close to the souk, as demanded by the rules of the craft communities, to better monitor the quality and standards of manufacture and sale.

In the sixteenth century the Toledo’s swordsmiths, gathered in the Arms street, where  they wrote their ordinances and instructed Pedro Sánchez de la Torre, to send the King Philip II, a letter on behalf of all of them, where it should been approved and signed all the ordinances adopted and remained, and therefore, the king confirmed these ordinances, consisting of seventeen articles that can be summarized in these points:• Possession store

Store possesion.

Appointment of examiners

Swordsmiths tests

Rules to prevent fraud .

Social or mutual aid Pevisión

Solidarity and mutual support

Sanctions

These ordinances were reinforced in October 1622 by Philip II , and in 1776 , by the Economic Society of Friends of the Country . With these ordinances it was assumed that all swordsmiths knew forge, give the temper, and give the second temper at their best, etc.

Marking the swords with the punch of the swordsmith, is a very old tradition and was reinforced and bound by royal command, when in December 1567 the King Philip II, expressed concern about the swords that came from abroad, with false brands of the famous Toledo’s swordsmiths:

“Do not consent or permit in our kingdoms swords that have been brought outside from them, and all that have been made in Toledo bring the brand and signal of the master whom has made and manufacture it, and the place where has been made, and the one who contradict those facts, be had by counterfeit and lose the aforesaid swords”

Real Mandate, December 1934

The Toledo swordsmith wanted to make a rigorous examination and resorted to sophisticated techniques such as: leather handle, thread, silk, fringed nets, and, importantly in this period, make a “jineta” sword to the cane game, which was a show – fun or exercise chivalric introduced into Spain by the Arabs and continuing after the Christians for training in the jineta fight .

Toledo remains today the benchmark swordmaking production in the world, following the defense and guarantee of origin and quality, as they did before other leaders, the City of Toledo has created the brand “Made in Toledo” (2009 ), hallmark certifying the authenticity of manufacture in Toledo.

D & D Toledo ( Marto ) , still made swords in Toledo , continuing the fame and prestige of respondent recognized and ” Toledo Steel ” .